Your First Script in Rhai

Run a Script

To get going with Rhai is as simple as creating an instance of the scripting engine rhai::Engine via Engine::new, then calling Engine::run.

use rhai::{Engine, EvalAltResult};

pub fn main() -> Result<(), Box<EvalAltResult>>
//                          ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
//                          Rhai API error type
{
    // Create an 'Engine'
    let engine = Engine::new();

    // Your first Rhai Script
    let script = "print(40 + 2);";

    // Run the script - prints "42"
    engine.run(script)?;

    // Done!
    Ok(())
}

Get a Return Value

To return a value from the script, use Engine::eval instead.

use rhai::{Engine, EvalAltResult};

pub fn main() -> Result<(), Box<EvalAltResult>>
{
    let engine = Engine::new();

    let result = engine.eval::<i64>("40 + 2")?;
    //                      ^^^^^^^ required: cast the result to a type

    println!("Answer: {}", result);             // prints 42

    Ok(())
}

Use Script Files

Script file extension

Rhai script files are customarily named with extension .rhai.

Or evaluate a script file directly with Engine::run_file or Engine::eval_file.

Loading and running script files is not available for no_std or WASM builds.

let result = engine.eval_file::<i64>("hello_world.rhai".into())?;
//                                   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
//                                   a 'PathBuf' is needed

// Running a script file also works in a similar manner
engine.run_file("hello_world.rhai".into())?;

Tip: Unix shebangs

On Unix-like systems, the shebang (#!) is used at the very beginning of a script file to mark a script with an interpreter (for Rhai this would be rhai-run).

If a script file starts with #!, the entire first line is skipped by Engine::compile_file and Engine::eval_file. Because of this, Rhai scripts with shebangs at the beginning need no special processing.

This behavior is also present for non-Unix (e.g. Windows) environments so scripts are portable.

#!/home/to/me/bin/rhai-run

// This is a Rhai script

let answer = 42;
print(`The answer is: ${answer}`);

Specify the Return Type

Tip: Dynamic

Use Dynamic if you’re uncertain of the return type.

The type parameter for Engine::eval is used to specify the type of the return value, which must match the actual type or an error is returned. Rhai is very strict here.

There are two ways to specify the return type: turbofish notation, or type inference.

Turbofish

let result = engine.eval::<i64>("40 + 2")?;     // return type is i64

result.is::<i64>() == true;

let result = engine.eval::<Dynamic>("boo()")?;  // use 'Dynamic' if you're not sure what type it'll be!

let result = engine.eval::<String>("40 + 2")?;  // returns an error because the actual return type is i64, not String

Type inference

let result: i64 = engine.eval("40 + 2")?;       // return type is inferred to be i64

result.is::<i64>() == true;

let result: Dynamic = engine.eval("boo()")?;    // use 'Dynamic' if you're not sure what type it'll be!

let result: String = engine.eval("40 + 2")?;    // returns an error because the actual return type is i64, not String